Monday, December 15, 2008

Environmental Management System (EMS) - 6

These standards are being developed nationally and internationally as a continuous process. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Strategic Advisory Group on the Environment (SAGE) was established to investigate the need for international environmental management standards. On SAGE’s recommendation ISO Technical Committee TC207 was formed. TC207 has 46 member countries as well as liaisons with 15 organizations such as International Chamber of Commerce, European Chemical Industry Council, International Organization of Consumer Unions, United Nations Environment Program and World Wide Fund for Nature. The committee first met in June 1983 and has established 6 subcommittees. These subcommittees are developing standards on auditing, labeling, life cycle analysis and performance evaluation.

A draft of the International Specification for Environmental Management System ISO 14001 was released for comment in October 1994. Later this was developed to be an International Specification, an accompanying Guidance Document (ISO 14000), for Environmental Management System.

Before developing ISO 14000 standards, the first of the national standards British Standard BS7750 (a specification for an environmental management system aimed at ensuring and demonstrating compliance with a company’s own slated environmental policies and objectives) was the most widely used standard for Environmental Management System.

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